The Poetics of Myth Book
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The Poetics of Myth


  • Author : Eleazar M. Meletinsky
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Date : 2014-01-21
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 9781135599133

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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Greek Mythology and Poetics Book

Greek Mythology and Poetics


  • Author : Gregory Nagy
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Date : 2018-09-05
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 9781501732027

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Gregory Nagy here provides a far-reaching assessment of the relationship between myth and ritual in ancient Greek society. Nagy illuminates in particular the forces of interaction and change that transformed the Indo-European linguistic and cultural heritage into distinctly Greek social institutions between the eighth and the fifth centuries B.C. Included in the volume are thirteen of Nagy's major essays—all extensively revised for book publication—on various aspects of the Hellenization of Indo-European poetics, myth and ritual, and social ideology. The primary aim of this book is to examine the Greek language as a reflection of society, with special attention to its function as a vehicle for transmitting mythology and poetics. Nagy's emphasis on the language of the Greeks, and on its comparison with the testimony of related Indo-European languages such as Latin, Indic, and Hittite, reflects his long-standing interest in Indo-European linguistics. The individual chapters examine the development of Hellenic poetics in the traditions of Homer and Hesiod; the Hellenization of Indo-European myths and rituals, including myths of the afterlife, rituals of fire, and symbols in the Greek lyric; and the Hellenization of Indo-European social ideology, with reference to such cultural institutions as the concept of the city-state. A path-breaking application of the principles of social anthropology, comparative mythology, historical linguistics, and oral poetry theory to the study of classics, Greek Mythology and Poetics will be an invaluable resource for classicists and other scholars of linguistics and literary theory.

The White Goddess Book
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The White Goddess


  • Author : Robert Graves
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Date : 1966-01-01
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0374504938

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The White Goddess is perhaps the finest of Robert Graves's works on the psychological and mythological sources of poetry. In this tapestry of poetic and religious scholarship, Graves explores the stories behind the earliest of European deities—the White Goddess of Birth, Love, and Death—who was worshipped under countless titles. He also uncovers the obscure and mysterious power of "pure poetry" and its peculiar and mythic language.

Chaucer Among the Gods Book

Chaucer Among the Gods


  • Author : John P. McCall
  • Publisher : Penn State University Press
  • Date : 1979
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 189
  • ISBN : IND:39000005788927

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A description of Chaucer's adaptation of classical materials to various uses--comedy, tragedy, and allegory; theme, action, and character--this book is also an analysis of Chaucer's poetics. Chaucer's creative use of the classical past is shown as a central part of his virtuosity. The book begins with a general discussion of the medieval traditions of classical myth, showing how Chaucer made himself the first humanist of English literature--opening to England both the ancient world of Virgil, Ovid, and Lucan and also the contemporary perceptions of that world by such continental masters as Dante, Graunson, Boccaccio, and Froissart. Succeeding chapters move through the categories of Chaucer's aesthetic uses of classical materials in specific poems: brief allusions, adaptations of myth to moral allegory, references to places, and lampoons of classical divinities. Professor McCall concludes by contrasting Chaucer's "rhetorics of fragmentation and discontinuity" with those of modern writers. Today such rhetorics have a despairing or apocalyptic tone. For Chaucer they conveyed "patient acceptance of the world and one's own self."

Myth and Poetry in Lucretius Book

Myth and Poetry in Lucretius


  • Author : Monica R. Gale
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Date : 1994-03-10
  • Category : History
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 0521451353

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Assesses Lucretius' aims and methodology by considering his attitude to myth and its role in the De Rerum Natura.

The Poetics of Islamic Legitimacy Book
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The Poetics of Islamic Legitimacy


  • Author : Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Date : 2002-10-17
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0253109450

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"... transcends the realm of literature and poetic criticism to include virtually every field of Arabic and Islamic studies." -- Roger Allen Throughout the classical Arabic literary tradition, from its roots in pre-Islamic Arabia until the end of the Golden Age in the 10th century, the courtly ode, or qasida, dominated other poetic forms. In The Poetics of Islamic Legitimacy, Suzanne Stetkevych explores how this poetry relates to ceremony and political authority and how the classical Arabic ode encoded and promoted a myth and ideology of legitimate Arabo-Islamic rule. Beginning with praise poems to pre-Islamic Arab kings, Stetkevych takes up poetry in praise of the Prophet Mohammed and odes addressed to Arabo-Islamic rulers. She explores the rich tradition of Arabic praise poems in light of ancient Near Eastern rites and ceremonies, gender, and political culture. Stetkevych's superb English translations capture the immediacy and vitality of classical Arabic poetry while opening up a multifaceted literary tradition for readers everywhere.

Singers  Heroes  and Gods in the  Odyssey  Book

Singers Heroes and Gods in the Odyssey


  • Author : Charles Segal
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Date : 2018-08-06
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781501718304

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One of the special charms of the Odyssey, according to Charles Segal, is the way it transports readers to fascinating places. Yet despite the appeal of its narrative, the Odyssey is fully understood only when its style, design, and mythical patterns are taken into account as well. Bringing a new richness to interpretation of this epic, Segal looks closely at key forms of social and personal organization which Odysseus encounters in his voyages. Segal also considers such topics as the relationship between bard and audience, the implications of the Odyssey's self-consciousness about its own poetics, and Homer's treatment of the nature of poetry.

The Poetics of Sexual Myth Book

The Poetics of Sexual Myth


  • Author : Ellen Pollak
  • Publisher :
  • Date : 1985
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 0226673456

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Homer and the Sacred City Book

Homer and the Sacred City


  • Author : Stephen Scully
  • Publisher :
  • Date : 1994
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 080148202X

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The importance of the polis in Homeric literature is most evident in the Iliad, a poem concerned in large measure with the holy city of Troy. Stephen Scully here deepens our understanding of both the poetic and the social significance of the city in Homer through a close analysis of the poem's formulaic language. Drawing on scholarship in literary studies, archaeology, and comparative religion, Scully demonstrates that it is the urban setting of the Iliad, as well as the collision of the individual fates of its characters, which generates its most profound tragic themes.

Greek Mythology Book

Greek Mythology


  • Author : Claude Calame
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Date : 2014-06-26
  • Category : History
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1107434815

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Myths are not simple narrative plots. In ancient Greece, as in other traditional societies, these tales existed only in the poetic or artistic forms in which they were set down. To read them from an anthropological point of view means to study their meaning according to their forms of expression - epic recitation, ritual celebration of the victory of an athlete, tragic performance, erudite Alexandrian poetry, antiquarian prose text; in other words, to study the functions of Greek myths in their permanent retelling and reshaping. Falling between social reality and cultural fiction, Greek myths were evolving creations, constantly adapting themselves to new conditions of performance. Using myths such as those of Persephone, Bellerophon, Helen and Teiresias, Claude Calame presents an overview of Greek mythology as a category inseparable from the literature in which so much of it is found. The French edition of this book was first published in 2000.

Psychoanalytic Approaches to Myth Book

Psychoanalytic Approaches to Myth


  • Author : Daniel Merkur
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Date : 2005-07-05
  • Category : Religion
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9781135575274

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This book surveys the history of psychoanalytic treatments of myths variously as symptoms of psychopathology, as cultural defense mechanisms, and as metaphoric expressions of ideas that may include therapeutic insights.

Poetry in Speech Book

Poetry in Speech


  • Author : Egbert J. Bakker
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Date : 2018-03-15
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781501722776

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Applying linguistic theory to the study of Homeric style, Egbert J. Bakker offers a highly innovative approach to oral poetry, particularly the poetry of Homer. By situating formulas and other features of oral style within the wider contexts of spoken language and communication, he moves the study of oral poetry beyond the landmark work of Milman Parry and Albert Lord. One of the book's central features, related to the research of the linguist Wallace Chafe, is Bakker's conception of spoken discourse as a sequence of short speech units reflecting the flow of speech through the consciousness of the speaker. Bakker shows that such short speech units are present in Homeric poetry, with significant consequences for Homeric metrics and poetics. Considering Homeric discourse as a speech process rather than as the finished product associated with written discourse, Bakker's book offers a new perspective on Homer as well as on other archaic Greek texts. Here Homeric discourse appears as speech in its own right, and is freed, Bakker suggests, from the bias of modern writing style which too easily views Homeric discourse as archaic, implicitly taking the style of classical period texts as the norm. Bakker's perspective reaches beyond syntax and stylistics into the very heart of Homeric—and, ultimately, oral—poetics, altering the status of key features such as meter and formula, rethinking their relevance to the performance of Homeric poetry, and leading to surprising insights into the relation between "speech" and "text" in the encounter of the Homeric tradition with writing.

The Jewish Novel in the Ancient World Book

The Jewish Novel in the Ancient World


  • Author : Lawrence M. Wills
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Date : 2015-03-11
  • Category : Religion
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 9781725234246

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Lawrence M. Wills here traces the literary evolution of popular Jewish narratives written during the period 200 BCE-100 CE. In many ways, these narratives were similar to Greek and Roman novels of the same era, as well as to popular novels of indigenous peoples within the Roman Empire. Yet, as a group, they demonstrated a variety of novelistic innovations: the inclusion of adventurous episodes, passages of description and of dialogue, concern with psychological motivation, and the introduction of female characters. Wills focuses on five novels: Greek Esther, Greek Daniel, Judith, Tobit, and Joseph and Aseneth. Drawing on a wide range of theoretical works, he delineates the techniques and motifs of the Jewish novel, shows how the genre both initiated and distanced itself from nonfictional prose such as historical and philosophical writing, discusses its relation to Greco-Roman romance, and describes the social conditions governing its emergence and reception. Wills also places the novels in historical context, situating them between the Hebrew Bible, on the one hand, and subsequent developments in Jewish and Christian literature on the other. Wills sees the Jewish novel as a popular form of writing that provided amusement for an expanding audience of Jewish entrepreneurs, merchants, and bureaucrats. In an important sense, he maintains, it was a product of the "novelistic impulse": the impulse to transfer oral stories to a written medium to reach a more literate audience.

The Mute Immortals Speak Book

The Mute Immortals Speak


  • Author : Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Date : 2010-09-29
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781501720178

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A body of Bedouin oral poetry which was collected in the second or third Islamic century, the pre-Islamic qasidah, or ode, stands with the Qur'an as a twin foundation of Arabo-Islamic literary culture. Throughout the rich fifteen-hundred-year history of classical Arabic literature, the qasidah served as profane anti-text to the sacred text of the Qur'an. While recognizing the esteem in which Arabs have traditionally held this poetry of the pagan past, modern critics in both East and West have yet to formulate a poetics that would provide the means to analyze and evaluate the qasidah. Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych here offers the first aesthetics appropriate for this orally composed Arabic verse, an aesthetics that is built on—and tested on—close readings of a number of the poems. Drawing on the insights of contemporary literary theory, anthropology, and the history of religions, Stetkevych maintains that the poetry of the qasidah is ritualized in both form and function. She brings to bear an extensive body of lore, legend, and myth as she interprets individual themes and images with references to rites of passage and rituals of sacrifice. Her English translations of the poems under discussion convey the power and beauty of the originals, as well as a sense of their complex intertextuality and distinctive lexicon. The Mute Immortals Speak will be important for students and scholars in the fields of Middle Eastern literatures, Islamic studies, folklore, oral literature, and literary theory, and by anthropologists, comparatists, historians of religion, and medievalists.

Poetika Mifa Book

Poetika Mifa


  • Author : Eleazar Moiseevich Meletinskiĭ
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Date : 1998
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 0815321341

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'Serious students will savor Meletinsky's rich and complex book. The opening section alone is valuable for its erudite examination of modern theory about myth, with special attention to Levi-Strauss and the structuralists. Meletinsky grasps the essentials of theories he discusses and makes clear distinctions between them Highly recommended for upper division undergraduates, graduate students and teachers/scholars of myth.' - Choice